When you file for bankruptcy protection, the automatic stay prevents creditors from filing lawsuits against you. However, there is a procedure within the bankruptcy court called filing an "adversary proceeding," which is a lawsuit that is filed within your bankruptcy case. An adversary proceeding addresses issues that are more complex than what can be accomplished by filing a motion with the court.
Many people file for bankruptcy protection because they need relief from their creditors. A personal bankruptcy filing can be shelter from the harassing collection efforts of debt collectors. However, while rare, it is possible for a lawsuit to be filed against you in your bankruptcy case. This type of action is commonly referred to as an "adversary proceeding."